DOT physical examinations are similar to regular routine health physical exams including organ and kidney function testing. The exam also includes a review of the driver's health history. DOT physicals are required by the United States government and your employer to ensure that the driver is in good condition to safely operate a commercial vehicle.
At this time DOT physicals do not include drug or alcohol testing. However, these might be required by the driver's employer.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration requires all commercial drivers to be in good medical condition to safely drive a commercial vehicle, to conduct the proper vehicle safety inspections, and to be able to secure the load or cargo being carried. However, bus drivers will have different requirements that they must meet to pass their DOT physical. Those with diabetes, vision loss, hearing loss, or epilepsy may be disqualified or exempt.
DOT physical certificates from a medical examiner are valid for up to 2 years or 24 months unless specifically stated for medical reasons if frequent monitoring is needed. For more information about DOT certifications, please review FMSCA Requirements 49 CFR 391.41 or click here